Volume4, Number 1
1 February, 2020

  • 这十年来日本人类学之台湾研究
    這十年來日本人類學之臺灣研究
    Review of Japanese Anthropological Studies on Taiwan in the Past Decade

  • 宫冈真央子(福冈大学)
    宮岡真央子(福岡大學)
    Maoko MIYAOKA (Fukuoka University)



           宫冈真央子现任福冈大学人文学部教授。2006~2016年历任福冈大学人文学部讲师丶准教授,2016年起担任现职。研究专长为文化人类学丶台湾原住民族研究丶台湾学术调查史。在日本发表过《境域の人类学―八重山・対马にみる「越境」》(合着,风响社,2017)丶《日本の人类学:植民地主义丶异文化研究丶学术调査の歴史》(合着,关西学院大学出版社,2011)等学术着作,以及〈ツォウの名前の过去と现在:原住民族の固有名回复に関する一考察〉(国立民族学博物馆调查报告147号,2019),〈重层化する记忆の场―〈牡丹社事件〉コメモレイションの通时的考察〉(文化人类学81卷2号,2016)等论文。

           宮岡真央子現任福岡大學人文學部教授。2006~2016年歷任福岡大學人文學部講師、准教授,2016年起擔任現職。研究專長為文化人類學、臺灣原住民族研究、臺灣學術調查史。在日本發表過《境域の人類学―八重山・対馬にみる「越境」》(合著,風響社,2017)、《日本の人類学:植民地主義、異文化研究、学術調査の歴史》(合著,關西學院大學出版社,2011)等學術著作,以及〈ツォウの名前の過去と現在:原住民族の固有名回復に関する一考察〉(國立民族學博物館調查報告147號,2019),〈重層化する記憶の場―〈牡丹社事件〉コメモレイションの通時的考察〉(文化人類學81卷2號,2016)等論文。


      Maoko MIYAOKA is a professor on the Faculty of Humanities, Fukuoka University. Since 2006 she has given lectures and seminars on cultural anthropology and museum practice. Her primary research interest is the cultural anthropology of ethnicity and minorities in East Asia, especially in Taiwan. Her publications include Kyoiki no Jinruigaku [The Anthropology of Borders] (co-author, Tokyo: Fukyosya, 2017), Nihon no Jinruigaku [A History of Japanese Anthropology] (co-author, Osaka: Kanseigakuin University Press, 2011) , “The Names of the Tsou in the Past and the Present: Discussion about Recovery of Persons' Names of Indigenous Peoples of Taiwan” (Senri Ethnological Reports, 147, 2019 in Japanese), “Multilayered Realms of Memory: A Diachronic Study of the Commemoration of the Mudanshe Incident in Taiwan” (Japanese Journal of Cultural Anthropology, 81-2, 2016 in Japanese) and many other articles and book chapters in Japanese.


    MIYAOKA's official profile

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  • 摘要:
           这十年来日本人类学的台湾研究主要课题大概分类出来如下六种。(1) 研究史与族群认同,(2)物质文化丶工艺与生计,(3) 历史民族志丶历史人类学,(4) 殖民经验与其记忆,(5) 境域丶越境以及与周边地域的比较,(6) 宗教。且其特徵可整理出来以下四点。第一,对於历史(尤其是近代殖民史)的关心,以及之後的连续性/不连续性的视点。第二,跟旧南洋群岛丶韩国及冲绳之间的比较。第三,对於反思的自觉。第四,将研究成果直接/间接还原给当地社会之志向。在十年前被期待此後发展的有关都市丶台湾人的跨国性与全球化之研究可说已有了进展了。笔者本人希望今後进展的研究方面是,原住民族之政治状况与诸制度丶收藏於日本的学术资料丶「新移民」与其孩子们世代以及现代史的研究。今後也期待未来在有反思性的场合里,能够有更多的研究成果诞生,笔者也希望自己能够参与其中继续地努力。

    摘要:
           這十年來日本人類學的臺灣研究主要課題大概分類出來如下六種。(1) 研究史與族群認同,(2)物質文化、工藝與生計,(3) 歷史民族誌、歷史人類學,(4) 殖民經驗與其記憶,(5) 境域、越境以及與週邊地域的比較,(6) 宗教。且其特徵可整理出來以下四點。第一,對於歷史(尤其是近代殖民史)的關心,以及之後的連續性/不連續性的視點。第二,跟舊南洋群島、韓國及沖繩之間的比較。第三,對於反思的自覺。第四,將研究成果直接/間接還原給當地社會之志向。在十年前被期待此後發展的有關都市、臺灣人的跨國性與全球化之研究可說已有了進展了。筆者本人希望今後進展的研究方面是,原住民族之政治狀況與諸制度、收藏於日本的學術資料、「新移民」與其孩子們世代以及現代史的研究。今後也期待未來在有反思性的場合裡,能夠有更多的研究成果誕生,筆者也希望自己能夠參與其中繼續地努力。

    Abstract:
      The main topics of Japanese anthropological studies on Taiwan in the past decade can be roughly classified into six categories. (1) Research history and ethnicity. (2) Material culture, crafts and livelihood. (3) Historical ethnography and historical anthropology. (4) Colonial experience and memory. (5) Border, transnationalism and comparisons of both with those of neighboring areas. (6) Religion. The characteristics of those categories mostly include four points. First, interest in history (especially in modern colonial history) from the viewpoint of continuity/discontinuity. Second, comparisons with Micronesia / Korea / Okinawa. Third, awareness of reflexivity. Fourth, the intention of direct or indirect contribution to the local community. Ten years ago, urban studies, studies on transnationalism and globalization in Taiwan were expected to progress and have done so in this decade. The topics in which I expect to see further progress are study of the political status and systems among the indigenous peoples, the academic materials collected in Japan, the "new immigrants" and their children's generation and modern history. For understanding complicated societies, I expect that more fruitful research will be created in reflexive places, and that I will participate myself in such research.