Volume 2, Number 10
1 December, 2018

  • 因中国崛起而变化的国际体系:从贸易战到“新冷战”
    Changing International System with the Rise of China: From a Trade War to a “New Cold War”

  • 田中明彦(政策研究大学院大学)
    Akihiko Tanaka (The National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS))



      Akihiko Tanaka is President of the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS). Before assuming the current position, he had been Professor of International Politics at the Institute for Advanced Studies on Asia, The University of Tokyo, for many years. He served as President of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) from April, 2012 to September, 2015. Mr. Tanaka was also Executive Vice President of The University of Tokyo (2009-2011). He obtained his bachelor’s degree in International Relations at the University of Tokyo in 1977 and Ph.D. in Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1981. He has numerous books and articles on world politics and security issues in Japanese and English including The New Middle Ages: The World System in the 21st Century (Tokyo: The International House of Japan, 2002) and Japan in Asia: Post-Cold-War Diplomacy (Tokyo: Japan Publishing Industry Foundation for Culture, 2017). He received the Medal with Purple Ribbon in 2012 for his academic achievements.

    Tanaka's official profile

    Tanaka's official website

  • Full Text

    簡体字 / 正體字 / English
  • 摘要:


      The “trade war” between the United States and China is not simply a series of disputes in their economic relationship. It indicates the emergence of a more systemic conflict that encompasses both ideology and military and security issues. There has emerged a bipartisan consensus in the U.S. on the necessity to rectify China’s practices of intellectual property rights violations and forcing foreign firms to transfer their technologies to Chinese firms. Americans appear determined to prevent China from dominating high tech industries. This consensus has emerged largely because China has achieved significant economic and technological development without changing its domestic authoritarian rules. Xi Jinping’s 19th Party Congress speech gave the impression that China is now trying to export such model to other developing countries. A compromise may be made on trade issues in the coming months. But as long as China maintains current trend of strengthening its authoritarian tendencies and seeks technological supremacy, a “new Cold War” will continue if under the surface. Japan cannot base its China policies and its security policies on the premise that China will move towards liberalization. But we must not forget that there are people in China who seek liberalization. There is no need to think that the path to liberalization in China is completely barred.